Slum and squatters resettlement in asean countries

View next figure Taking a case study from Bangladesh, The Grameen Bank is a co-operative non-governmental association that first began a loan program for the rural poor to help them initiate income generating schemes. Besides the money as loan, the borrower receives four concrete columns, a prefabricated sanitary slab and 26 corrugated iron roofing sheets at a much lower price.

Slum and squatters resettlement in asean countries

Human Resource Management Topic: Internship Report Statement of the Problem Cities of Bangladesh especially Dhaka faces the overwhelming urban population in last few decades, which is not commensurate with its existing urban facilities Chowdhury et al, As a result, a huge number of destitute migrants take shelter in different slums.

The slums are unequally distributed in different parts of cities because slums are now mostly concentrated in fringe parts of cities. The slum dwellers have very limited access to urban formal sectors. They are mostly involved in different informal sectors where they are paid very low level of wage.

They are living in very poor quality of houses and they have very limited access to urban services. Different types of diseases prevail in slum areas but the slum dwellers have very limited access to modern health care facilities.

Few government and international organizations and universities have also conducted a number of researches on this issue. At individual level scholars from various disciplines have conducted a number of studies on slums in Bangladesh. This research shows that there has been considerable literature on slum but there is extreme paucity of literature on the social organizations of the slums and changes, which are occurring in these marginal human settlements.

Most of the studies deal with growth pattern, poverty and physical environment of slums. The study highlights resettlement and social structure among slum dwellers. It is well known that for all the relative advantages of city life, widespread poverty casts a shadow over the urban future.

A vast number of people in urban areas cannot adequately provide for their basic need in shelter, employment, safe water, sanitation, health and education. To solve the problem of slums in the government of Bangladesh evicted the residents from various squallier sites in the city and relocated them to three different camps on the fringe of the urban areas.

The tremendous expansion of cities, especially in developing countries, is transforming social dynamics throughout the world. Urban population is growing at a much faster rate than the world population as a whole, and by larger annual increments than ever before. To collect data about the overall environment of the slum.

To know the demographic characteristics of the respondents. To know the social structure of the slum dwellers. To find out the ways of resettlement for the slum dwellers. Rationale of the Study The rapid urbanization and the rapid growth of population in the Third World Cities have created various problems such as unemployment, social conflict, deviance, unhealthy housing, low quality sanitation system, political problems etc.

All these problems are circulated mainly in the slums of the developing countries. Beside this the vicious cycle of poverty always stricken the slums of third world countries.

Slums gives a picture of sub standard life, where low-income families, prevailing poor health and unhygienic environment such as poor sewerage system, drainage facilities, solid waster disposal system, shortage of potable water, poor housing conditions and antisocial of activities are common phenomenon.

For these reasons, almost all of the researcher concentrate their mind on how to alleviate urban poverty, how to improve sanitation and system, solid waster disposal, shortage of potable water, housing condition, health facilities, low and order situation etc.

Bangladesh has taken a number of approaches to meet these problems. In the year ofalmost 70, slum dwellers were resettled in the there camps to solve the problems of the slums in Dhaka. So, this study is an attempt to assess the socio-economic, cultural, health and environment, attitude and behavioral situation of the slum.

Scope of the Study There are a lot of researches conducted on the slum issue in Bangladesh. But on the particular issue of resettlement of slum in Dhaka city this work will get the priority.proliferation of slums and squatter settlements in developing countries (Costello, ; Muwonge, ; Salih, ; Srivastava and Singh, ; Tindigarukayo, ).

Indeed, Srivastava and Singh (, p. 58) emphatically state that: “Migration from rural areas is the root cause of increasing slums”. Slum and Squatters Resettlement in ASEAN Countries.

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Slum and squatters resettlement in asean countries

[email protected]. A CHALLENGE TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY PRACTICES IN URBAN AND RURAL COMMUNITIES HUMANIZING SOCIALIZED RESETTLEMENT HOUSING PROGRAMS: Politicians have tolerated slums because the squatters constitute a big voting precinct.

In summary. A slum, as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure rutadeltambor.coming to the United Nations, the proportion of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the developing world between and [3] However, due to rising population, the number of slum.

Large numbers of squatters in Manila and Bangkok, with high levels of mobilization and collective action, became permanent slum dwellers, with widespread public approbation.

Low levels of mobilization, e.g., Hong Kong and Singapore, resulted in squatter integration into urban society. Slum and Squatters Resettlement in ASEAN Countries Economics Introduction The urban populace on earth is widening in generally with Asia being projected to .

Urbanization and Slum Formation