A sinisterly funny modern-day Through the Looking Glass that begins with cyanide poisoning and ends in strawberry ice cream. The idea of the Native American living in perfect harmony with nature is one of the most cherished contemporary myths. But how truthful is this larger-than-life image?
Because the country has been subject to domination by external factions for hundreds of years, the people of the Plateau developed their own laws and customs as a means of maintaining a semblance of stability. Their tribal codes are recorded in a Medieval text known as the Kanun.
Kadare never explicitly states when his story takes place. There are no references to major world events or historical political figures to place the events in a recognizable time line.
The only mention of technology is of guns, automobiles, and a single airplane flying overhead.
These items are referred to generically, so there is no way to date the story by car or gun model. The closest we can assume is that the story takes place sometime in the 20th century, probably after the s and prior to when the book was published.
This ambiguity may have been intentional to demonstrate the stagnant, slow moving nature of time in the rural plateau of Albania. It may also serve to highlight that the events depicted in the story could just as likely have occurred in or in In other words, this ambiguity demonstrates that while time moves on for the rest of the world, it stands still on the Albanian Plateau.
Recent articles from international online news sources highlight the continued presence of the Kanun and blood feud in rural Albanian life. Contemporary stories of blood feud participants and interviews with modern Albanian families entangled in blood feud demonstrate that the experiences depicted in Broken April are not only accurate, but still occurring today.
Rather than starting a feud by murdering someone in a fit of impassioned anger, as many feuds begin, the Berisha family became involved after giving shelter to a stranger who was then shot dead upon leaving their home Kadare, Thus the Berisha family was sucked into a blood feud that would transpire over generations.
Because the blood feud involves avenging blood with blood, families engaged in it can potentially continue the feud indefinitely, or until one side runs out of male family members.
To back down from revenge brings dishonor upon the family Kundera, Although Gjorg would like nothing to do with the feud he is pressured into it by his own parents who are still grieving for his murdered brother.
It seems that the iron fist of Soviet rule may have quelled the flow of blood on the Albanian Plateau for some time. Although Kadare makes no mention of this, several news articles point to a revival of the blood feud after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Like Gjorg, Christian has been sucked into the blood feud through no fault of his own. Although, in reality, whether he lives or dies, he already is a victim of the feud.
At one point they come across a seemingly abandoned town. Nobody has ever seen anything to match it. The woman explains how the blood feud has gotten out of control to the point where there were more people engaged in it than those not involved.
During this time period, men were still using medieval towers as places of refuge and safety when they were targeted, whereas now those involved seem to stay holed up in their own houses. Although these feuds have been occurring for ages, people seem deeply troubled by current trends and believe things are worse now than in the past.
The article claims that in the past contract killers had only been hired by women in families who had no living adult males left. Kadare emphasizes that Gjorg knows the Kanun very well.
Because Gjorg is just an average young peasant man, there is no reason he would have any further training or education in the Kanun than any of his peers.
Colin Freeman echos this in his article for The Telegraph. The Kanun was created because of the need for a central code of law when the region was constantly being bounced between different ruling governments, so in that sense Communist rule was just another repetition of history.
However, it seems that Communism succeeded in repressing the Kanun more effectively than previous governments. So its latest resurgence has been handicapped by a generation who never studied the Kanun in the first place.
Yet, in Broken April, Kadare clearly demonstrates that even in a period when the Kanun permeates every aspect of Plateau life, people question its relevance. This comparison highlights that it is unbelievable that people of a modern age still live under this code.
Yet, with criticism, Gjorg also shows great respect for the Code. Even the character Bessian, an outsider on the Plateau, venerates blood feud participants. The Code seems to have almost religious connotations for these people.
Perhaps in a region subject to constant domination by external factions, it is their one cultural unifier. However, even in a culture that venerates tradition, corruption still seeps in.
Kadare describes a shadowy and remote ruling body that seems to have been unofficially as in not recognized by the Albanian government governing the Plateau for centuries.Ismail Kadare was born in in the fortress-city of Gjirokastër, in the southernmost part of Albania.
He began writing poetry in his teens and acquired a national . Kadare has thematized this subject in his novel Broken April (Prylli i thyer). The edition contains only one such chapter, located slightly past the midpoint of the novel; in later editions, however, this single original numberless chapter has been multiplied into a genuine structural leitmotif.
The Destructive Nature of the Blood Code in the Novel, Broken April by Ismail Kadare ( words, 5 pages) Ismail Kadares work, Broken April, uses characters physical detours from the roads and planned routes to expose the destructive nature of the blood code.
Broken April. by Ismail Kadare. and who expects to be killed himself in keeping with the code of the highlands; and that of a young couple who have come to study the age-old customs, including the blood feud. April Blood: Florence and the Plot Against the Medici.
A literary analysis of in memory of my mother by patrick kavanagh 4 pages. What Really Matters in a literary analysis of in memory of my mother by patrick kavanagh Writing - Research-Based Practices Across the An examination of the challenges on urban transport in asia Curriculum, Patricia M Cunningham, James W.
MCSA - Montpellier a literary analysis of in memory of . Broken April, by Ismail Kadare, follows an unlikely murderer named Gjorg Berisha as he avenges the death of his brother according to Kanun law.
Through Gjorg's experience, Kadare examines the Kanun's influence on rural Albanian life, especially as it pertains to the blood feud.