How to Write a Summary of an Article? Ordinarily the Lieutenant would have only his pair of loyal orderlies to keep him company as he traveled, but today a third man walked alongside hishorse—a stranger who had joined him only that morning. The year wasand the pleasant October weather made for an easy trek. Trained soldiers and well-armed, he and his men were an unlikely target for roving bandits.
In the s this Indian secret society strangled upward of 30, native people and travelers as a sacrifice to their goddess Kali, the "Dark Mother," the Hindu Triple Goddess of creation, preservation, and destruction.
The name Thuggee comes from the Sanskrit sthaga, "deceiver. Great Britain was beginning to expand its territories in India, and the British administrators were becoming increasingly alarmed by reports of bands of stranglers that were roving the countryside murdering travelers.
At first there appeared to be no connection between the bizarre killings, but then the bodies of 50 victims were found hidden in a series of wells in the Ganges area. Such evidence convinced the authorities that they were dealing with one secret society, the Thuggee.
The murderous craft of the Thuggee was hereditary. Its practitioners were trained from earliest childhood to murder by the quick, quiet method of a strong cloth noose tightened about the neck of their victims.
This weapon, the "Rumal," was worn knotted about the waist of each member of the Thuggee. The Thuggee gloried in silent and efficient acts of murder above any other earthly accomplishment, and they traveled often in the guise of traders, pilgrims, and even as soldiers marching to or from service.
On occasion, the more flamboyant would pretend to be a rajah with a large retinue of followers. Each band of Thuggee had a small unit of scouts and inveiglers who would loiter about hotels and market places gaining information regarding travelers and the weight of their coin purses.
The inveiglers posed as travelers headed for the same destination as their intended victims. They would worm themselves into the confidences of their prey, pleading the old adage of safety in numbers.
The mass slaughters of large groups of merchants and travelers were usually committed when all were encamped. In the rare instance when an intended victim escaped the nooses in the death area, he would run into scouts posted at the edge of the jungle.
One hundred percent mortality of their victims was the goal of the Thuggee. In spite of what first appeared to be indiscriminate murder on a very large scale, the Thuggee had a peculiar code of ethics whose rules forbade the killing of fakirs, musicians, dancers, sweepers, oil vendors, carpenters, blacksmiths, maimed or leprous persons, Ganges water-carriers, and women.
Despite the restriction against the murder of females, however, the presence of wives traveling with their husbands often necessitated the strangling of a woman to protect the secrecy of the society.
The strongest rule of the brotherhood was the one prohibiting the shedding of blood.
|Several large tents, a number of horses, and some bullock carts contained the provisions for an English officer, a blue-eyed, resolute gentleman in his early 40s, and his young French wife.|
|Confessions of India's real-life Thugs - Telegraph||History[ edit ] The earliest known reference to the Thugs as a band or fraternity, rather than ordinary thieves, is found in Ziau-d din Barni's History of Firoz Shah written about But not one of these did the sultan have killed.|
|This means to hide or conceal, mainly a secret concealment. Kali is the destructive and creative mother goddess in the Hindu religion.|
|Thuggees (Thugs) | History of the Term Thug||Members of the fanatical religious group, who were infamous for their ritualistic assassinations carried out in the name of the Hindu Goddess Kali, were known as Thugs, a word that passed into common English during the British occupation of India. Thuggees worked by joining groups of travellers and gaining their trust before surprising them in the night and typically strangling them with a handkerchief or noose, a quick and quiet method, which left no blood and required no special weapons.|
According to Thuggee beliefs, the goddess Kali taught the fathers of thuggery to strangle with a noose and to kill without permitting the flow of blood. All victims of the Thuggee were sacrificed to Kali, and the members of the secret society would have been greatly incensed by an accusation that they killed only for booty.
With the exception of a small number of boys who may have been captured or spared during a raid, a man had to be born into the cult in order to become an initiate.
The minimum age for initiation into the society was 10, and the young candidates were allowed to watch their elders at work from hidden points some distance from the site of the attack. At the age of 18, they were permitted to make their first human sacrifices to Kali. The Thuggee had their female counterparts in a secret sect of Tantrists who held that it was only by a constant indulgence in passion that a human could ever achieve total union with Kali.
Only indulgence in the five vices that corrupt the soul of humankind— wine, meat, fish, mystical gesticulations, and sexual indulgence—could drive the poisons out of the human body and purify the soul. InWilliam Sleeman, an officer in the Bengal Army who had transferred to civil service, was appointed by Governor General Lord Bentinck to rid India of the society of stranglers.
Fluent in four Indian dialects, Sleeman had been the British official who had first confirmed the growing suspicion that the murders were committed throughout central India by the Thuggee.
And what made the job of identifying the Thugs even more difficult was the fact that they were indistinguishable from any of the travelers and merchants who were their victims.
As their name implied, they were master deceivers. Finally, by meticulously marking the scene of each discovered attack site on a map and by maintaining careful records of the dates, Sleeman was able to begin to predict the areas where the next mass murders were likely to take place.
When his agents and informants brought him word that known members of the Thuggee had been seen in a certain region, Sleeman sent his personally recruited police officers out disguised as merchants in order to ambush the Thugs who appeared to attack what they believed was a group of harmless travelers.
Of this total, only 50 received a pardon for supplying valuable information that had been utilized in destroying the secret society.
The remainder of those apprehended were imprisoned for life and were hanged. Without exception, the Thuggee condemned to be hanged went to their own deaths with the same lack of emotion with which they had murdered their victims.Actually, in ancient India, widows were considered bad luck and were not allowed to remarry.
They were either forced to join the husband in his cremation (Sati pratha, was eliminated by Ram Mohan Roy) or had to live in isolation from society with other widows in some holy city.
The Thugs, indeed, ran rampant in India until the British colonial period, when the governor-general, Lord William Bentinck, heard of them and made a concerted effort to prevent them from. There were no such thugs as Pindharis in Ancient India. They were creation of British rule in early 19th century.
Lord William Bentick signed humiliating treaties with several local kings. This is called SUBSIDARY ALLIANCE.
According to one of the clauses of this treaty, Indian prince signing this treaty has to disband its army almost completely.
Thuggees (Thugs) Circa – mid/late s India, Pakistan. The Thugs or Thuggees, were history’s most notorious and deadly criminal cult. The name Thug, Thuggee or Tuggee is derived from the Sanskrit, sthag and Pali, rutadeltambor.com means to hide or conceal, mainly a secret concealment.
Thugs were Hindu and Muslim Indians whose Thuggee cult was based on the worship of goddess, Kali. Dash, Mike Thug: the true story of Indias murderous cult ISBN , ; Dutta, Krishna () The sacred slaughterers.
Book review of Thug: the true story of India's murderous cult by Mike Dash. In The Independent (Published: 8 July ) text; Guidolin, Monica "Gli strangolatori di rutadeltambor.comory: Indian subcontinent. Thugs In Accient India On a well-worn road through central India, Lieutenant Subhani of the Bengal Native Infantry and his three traveling companions were .